Panoramic images of a small city located high up the mountain range:    1,   2

 =>   More information on Morro Reuter-RS:  see site NUTEP/UFRGS


Images of the trip up the mountain range along BR-116 highway:    1,   2,   3

 =>   More information on Nova Petrópolis-RS:  see site NUTEP/UFRGS


Ceremonies of Good Friday at the city's main church:    1,   2,   3,   4,   5

 =>   More information on Canela-RS:  see site NUTEP/UFRGS


- Images of nightfall at the city:    1,   2,   3,   4,   5

- Images of the light procession called "Senhor Morto" (Dead Lord):   

1,   2,   3,   4  5,   6,   7,   8,   9  10  11  12  13  14  15  16  17  18  19  20  21  22  23  24  25  26  27  28  29  30  31  32

The "Senhor Morto" procession is an 80-year old tradition in the city that happens on Good Friday, which is a holy day for followers of the catholic religion and other Christian religions, which makes up the majority of the local population as well as in Brazil as a whole.   This year, 5 floats were used with four "steps of Passion".  

The firs float carried the ECCE HOMO, an image of Good Jesus tied to a column, a reminder of him receiving whip stripes.

The second float carried an image of the Lord of the Steps, which is Jesus with the cross on His back who falls with the weight of the beam and of the sins of humanity.  

The third float represented Calvary, with images of Jesus Crucified.  The golden crown at the top of the cross was a reminder that Jesus' kingdom is not of this world and the skull at the foot of the cross represented Adam who, according to a legend, was buried at Mount Calvary.

The fourth float carried the traditional image of the Dead Lord, a reminder that Jesus passed through death in order to rise from the dead on the third day. 

The fifth float carried a small fragment of the cross of Jesus, which is exposed for veneration at the Church of the Holy Cross in Rome.

Each float was followed by the respective brotherhood.  The floats and respective brotherhoods were followed by the women, and at the end, the people.  

The idea of processions came from Spain where since the XII century magnificent processions have been held

The friars wore clothes to remember the penitent monks of the Middle Ages who went to the streets with hoods over their heads and tattered clothing over their body in sign of penitence.

In total, around 300 men with torches, drums, and rods were a reminder of the soldiers that took hold of Jesus and crucified him.  The wind instruments were in remembrance of the weeping of the daughters of Jerusalem.  The women also participated in the procession, coming with black clothing and with their heads covered with a veil. 

 =>   More information on Gramado-RS:  see site NUTEP/UFRGS

IMAGES FROM MARCH 23 and 24, 2002: 


Images from "Aparados da Serra" National Park:

a) Panoramic views of the canyon:    1,   2,   3  4,   5,   6,   7,   8,   9  10,   11,   12,   13,   14,   15

b) Sites of "Tigre" Falls:    1,   2,   3  4,   5,   6,   7,   8

c) Sites of the Rock of the Secret, a rock that is balancing on top of another:    1,   2,   3

d) The prowl of a "graxaim" (a wild dog) around the camp:    1

Fortaleza Canyon  – "Serra Geral" National Park

The Fortaleza Canyon, located in the "Serra Geral" National Park (PNSG) is one of the most beautiful scenery of Rio Grande do Sul.

PNSG is a Biological Reserve created to defend the last areas of the "Mata Atlantica".  Having about 17,300 ha, PNSG is located close to the "Aparados da Serra" Park in the Northeast region of Rio Grande do Sul and Southeast of Santa Catarina.

Famous for its scenic beauty and breath-taking views, PNSG has several canyons, Fortaleza, Malacara, and Churriado being the best known.  Beyond the canyons, the location is an important preservation area of native grass fields, marshes, fields of Brazilian Pine, and several species of animals such as wolf, puma, wild cat, hedgehog, opossum, jupati, monkeys, wild dog, armadillo, hawk-duck, pega-macaco hawk, gray eagle, blue crow, purple-breasted parrot, curucaca, and others.  The park is also an ideal environment for rare species of orchids and bromeliaceous plants.

  The Fortaleza is the longest of the canyons, being about 8 km in length.  At some points, its slopes reach 800 meters deep.  At its highest point, where the fracture opens up toward the coast of the State of Santa Catarina, it is possible to see the Torres beach 30-km away.  The canyon received its name Fortaleza or Fort due to the land formations carved in such a way that looks like fort walls having bridges and towers.

Despite the lack of structure, it is permitted to camp in some areas of the Fortaleza and explore the region without the necessity of a guide.  The most visited points of the canyon are the Rock of the Secret and "Tigre" Falls.

 The Rock of the Secret is a monolithic block five meters high supported by a small base. 

 "Tigre Preto" Falls forms the most beautiful waterfall of the group of cascades that can be seen at a rare view.  The rocks allow you to go into the middle of the water.

 Credit for the images and presentation of the Fortaleza Canyon:  Lilian Piraine Laranja, who receives a scholarship from CNPq and is a member of the Navi-EA-UFRGS

 =>   More information on Cambará do Sul-RS:  see site NUTEP/UFRGS


Images of the Vineyard Valley:

a) Valduga House:    1,   2,   3  4,   5,   6,   7  

b) Wine-growing Belt:    1,   2,   3,   4  5,   6,   7,   8,   9  10

c) Other images of the Valley:    1,   2,   3 (Tecnovin)  4,   5,   6,   7,   8,   9

 =>   More Information on Bento Gonçalves-RS:  see site NUTEP/UFRGS


The city is very small.  It became administratively independent in 1992 but maintains the feeling of a typical Italian colony where everyone knows everybody else.   Our visit caused somewhat of an uproar in the population who spends their Sundays on the central square and in the bars and taverns:    1,   2,   3  4  (view of Bento Gonçalves, from Monte Belo do Sul)

 =>   More information on Monte Belo do Sul-RS:  see site NUTEP/UFRGS



- Sunrise in the city:   1,   2

March 17th, 2002 Images


- Bucolic and vivid ride of a humble family in a cart, on Ipiranga Avenue in a calm Sunday morning:   1

- Planetário Village, urbanized in 1989-1990, in the “center” of a middle class area, generating a strong political and ideological debate:   1

- Sunday at Redenção Park (notice the blooming silk-cotton trees):

a) Nature colors of the Park:     1,   2,   3  4,   5,   6,   7

 b) inside yard of the Military School of Porto Alegre that is celebrating its 90th anniversary:   1,   2,   3  4

 c) exhibition of the 3rd Extension Hall of UFRGS:    1,   2,   3  4,   5,   6

March 16th, 2002 Images


- sunrise in the city:   1,   2


 Bom Princípio is known as the "strawberry land”,  but it is also the capital of the enameled tiles, a land of ceramics and furniture manufacturing and a land with a strong, vivid and colorful nature.  Check these beautiful images: 

a) the colors of houses, fields and flowers:     1,   2,   3  4,   5,   6

Image 1 shows the house where, until the middle of the seventies, there was the grocery store of "dona Alféria", who was a well-known and beloved person in the region due to her leadership, her ideals and her active participation in social and cultural events of the former Bom Princípio “village”.

Presently, at the house, there is a ballet school for children and, at the back, a floriculture. 

b) Bela Vista location, the land of the mother of enameled tile factory named Cerâmica Vogel, which originated a true “family” of the "Vogel" brand (in German “Vogel” means bird). The products of these companies are represented in hundreds of municipalities of RS, other Brazilian states and also in some foreign countries, including the United States: Cláudio Vogel, João Vogel and Marlene Vogel:    1,   2,   3  4  5,   6,   7

It is worth to observe the lilac of the silk-cotton tree flowers in the woods on the river margins. The literature tells us that originally these trees spread from the north of Brazil up to Santa Catarina. Thus we must ask: Who has planted them in this wood on the hill slopes, a location not proper for the crops and native?

The chapel (image 6) is in honor of Saint Luis, and it was in the former little chapel that, in January of 1868, Lamberto Versteg came for a Kerb mess and his family was kidnapped by natives who were camped at the bottom of Canasta Hill, in São Vendelino. This impressive story was told in the book "As Vítimas do Bugre", written in 1924 by the clergyman Matias José Gansweidt, from real depositions of Lamberto, and his fellow citizens. In 1996, several hundreds of descendants of the family have gathered in the location of Desvio Blauth, in Carlos Barbosa-RS, and after in the headquarters of São Vendelino, came from several States of Brazil; as well from other near countries for where they migrated. The highest number of Lamberto Versteg descendants was living in Arabutã, in the state of Santa Catarina.

The last image shows an old store that has a high historical value and was built in 1898; through this route of Bela Vista we could reach a near location of Escadinhas and a little farther, Feliz village.

c) new bridge over Caí river; the community is anxiously expecting the definition of the new doubling project, cutting or contouring the city, and that will free, tranquilize and reduce the number of accidents within the urban area:    1

 =>   Other information on Bom Princípio-RS:  see on the site NUTEP/UFRGS

IMAGES FROM 03/10/2002:


- Guaíba Lake, one Sunday morning:   1

 - Flowers from the silk-cotton tree.  Its official name is "chorisia speciosa", native to Brazil.  Its flowers are white and diverse tons of rose and lilac:   1

IMAGES FROM 03/09/2002:


-  dawn in the city:  1,   2

- dusk in the city:   1,   2,   3  4,   5,   6,   7,   8

 IMAGES FROM 03/03/2002:


 - magnificent contrast of colors formed by scarlet red of the garden flowers and the celestial blue of the firmament, during a summer day of strong sun:  1