SEPTEMBER 29th, 2001 IMAGES:
September 23rd, 2001:
Petrochemical Pole in Triunfo, located 50 km away from Porto Alegre, is an
outstanding economic and technological enterprise in the state of Rio
Grande do Sul (RS). Its companies (DSM, Inovva, Copesul, Ipiranga Petroquímica,
Petroflex, OPP, Petroquímica Triunfo and other) generate around 3.5 % of
the state richness, being its total amount higher than the GNP of
Novo Hamburgo, Santa
Cruz do Sul, Pelotas
and other populated cities; and equal to the whole
campagna region of RS.
implementation at the southern part of Brazil has resulted from the strong
support given, during the 70’s, by several gaúchos
segments as party’s leaderships (Arena and MDB), the state government (that
has actively participated of the definitions and supplied the
infrastructure), entrepreneur’s associations, universities (as UFRGS and
PUCRS, which have created the courses of Chemical Engineering) and also
actors and simpler associations. For this reason, the ICMS legislation
should foresee a more equalitarian share of the taxes generated by
developments of this kind in order to benefit other neighboring and also
distant municipalities (in a similar way of the oil extraction).
several factors, mainly its qualified personnel as technicians, engineers
and managers, the gaúcho
Petrochemical Pole is, nowadays, one of the best, more promising and
important enterprises in Latin America.
Petrochemical Pole of Triunfo is located at an area near to Caí River,
close to its mouth in Jacuí River that flows into Guaíba Lake. It is
possible to see its towers from high buildings in Porto Alegre
(in fact, the reddish sunset in Porto Alegre, is a result of a thin
smoke-black produced by the Petrochemical Pole companies). Its companies
are located in an area surrounded by an avenue that forms a “loop”
around the Pole, starting at BR-386.
the Petrochemical Pole, there is an admirable Ecological Park, which was
created inn order to preserve several animal and vegetal species and that
may be visited during the weekdays (not on Sundays).
NOVA SANTA RITA-RS:
municipality area, located a few kilometers away from Porto Alegre, close
to the mouth of Sinos River into Jacuí River, was one of the first to be
colonized in RS. From there, the colonizers had gone into the interior of
the Gaúcho state.
municipality got emancipated from Canoas in 1992. The main seat is located
on a hill, at the side of BR-386 (or “Production highway”). It has an
important cement factory, called Cimbagé.
information about Nova Santa Rita-RS:
on the site NUTEP/UFRGS
September 21st, 2001 Images:
The city of São Paulo has around 10.7 million inhabitants; and it is the most populated in Brazil. On Avenida Paulista, it is concentrated the greatest Latin American financial center. This high area exhibits vigor and youth; although its historical center does not seem to be the same as before; without the former “glamour”, it transmits a sensation of insecurity and apathy.
8) Palácio Itália
9) Nove de Julho
10) Hotel Paulista
SEPTEMBER 20th, 2001 IMAGES:
September 20th, in Rio Grande do Sul, it is celebrated the
Revolução Farroupilha, that irrupted at the night of September 19th,
1835, when Bento
Gonçalves da Silva
advanced with around 200 "farrapos" (exalted wing, who wanted more independent provinces,
tied by a more flexible republic) towards the capital Porto Alegre (which,
at that time, had around 14 thousand inhabitants) by Azenha way (nowadays
João Pessoa). The revolt was due to the high taxes charged at the
sales points (usually other States) on items (animals, leather, dried meat and wheat) produced in
the State farms. The farmers also complained about other taxes: on the
imported salt and the land property.
revolution lasted almost 10 years without any winner or looser. Baron
Duque de Caxias and General Davi Canabarro signed the peace treaty in
Ponche Verde, on February 2nd, 1845.
time, Porto Alegre was a commercial harbor and had no reasons to joint the
revolt. Its businessmen did not share the separatist ideas with the
campagna leaders, like Bento Gonçalves da Silva and Antônio de Souza
Netto, who proclaimed the Riograndense Republic in the next year. For this,
they have reached the rebels on the 15th of June 1836. From
then on, until December 1840, the capital remained besieged, with many
difficulties related to the supply of essential items: dried meat, lantern
oil, flour, beans and other food. Due to the loyalty of the capital to the
Empire, it got the title of "Loyal
and Valuable" on the 19th of October 1841, which remains
in its arms until nowadays.
the capital, the farroupilhas had impressive successes. At Seival battle (location
that nowadays belongs to the municipality of Candiota), General Antônio de Souza Netto imposed a stupendous
defeat to João da Silva Tavares, who had 170 fighters more. On the next
day, on September 11th, 1836, Netto proclaimed the Riograndense
Republic, with its seat in
the farrapos suffered another
downfall near the capital, when they were beat at the Fanfa Island; the
rebel army with 1,000 men dispersed and general Bento Gonçalves da Silva
was arrested and taken to the Laje Fort, in Rio de Janeiro.
1839, the Italian corsair
the Farrapos. Those needed, after 4 years of battles, an access to Patos
Lagoon and to the Ocean, which were blocked by the imperialists from Porto
Alegre and Rio Grande, respectively. In order to break the siege, they
have decided to incite Santa Catarina, where they had adepts. For that,
they decided to invade the strategic city of Laguna. Garibaldi has ordered the construction of two
enormous watercrafts in a farm of the present municipality of Camaquã
km away from Porto Alegre), that had been taken from the current Palmares
do Sul municipality to the Tramandaí River mouth (at the
municipality) on an 8-wheel cart, and 800 oxen. In
Araranguá, in the state of Santa Catarina, Rio Pardo watercraft sank; but
they continued with Seival watercraft, commanded by the American John
Griggs (whose nickname was "João Grande"). In Laguna, the
boaters, supported by Davi Canabarro troops, had a great victory and
annexed the Province on the 29th of July 1839, naming it as Juliana
Laguna, Garibaldi met the seamstress Ana Maria de Jesus Ribeiro, that
later was named as
Garibaldi, and who has followed him on a horse during the war (Anitas’
home which is still preserved). Years later, Garibaldi
returned to Italy to fight for its unification; and for that he is known
as a “hero of two worlds”. The imperialists had retaken Laguna on
November 15th, 1839.
November 14th, 1844, the farroupilhas
had suffered a big defeat at Cerro dos Porongos, located between the
present municipalities of
Bagé. In this battle, the Imperial Colonel Francisco Pedro
de Abreu, the smart "Moringue", has devastated 1,1 fighters of
Davi Canabarro, who were taken aback when they were asleep. The main guilt
had fallen on "Chica Papagaia" (Maria Francisca Duarte
Ferreira), who had been entertaining General Davi Canabarro in his tent.
peace treaty, celebrated in 1845 has met many requirements, mainly related
to a better treatment by the imperial government. The name of farroupilha leaders is
affixed on several streets of the gaúchas
municipalities. In Porto Alegre, one of the main streets honors the
Farroupilha revolution epopee has created great heroes, myths and symbols:
unexpressive ideals and feelings of the revolted farroupilhas remain and are expressed in Rio
Grande do Sul symbols, constituted by the title "República
Rio-grandense", and the lemma "liberty,
equality and humanity" (within a Brazilian nation).
Zero Hora, Caderno Especial, from the 16th to the 20th
of September 2001)
September 18th, 2001 Images:
20th of September, the farrapos
(or farroupilhas, the liberal
and opposite wing of the monarchists) had taken the city of Porto Alegre,
led by Bento Gonçalves da Silva, a federalist deputy and revolutionaries’
colonel. Bento Gonçalves was son of a rich farmer; was born in Triunfo,
on September 23rd, 1788, in a house that still exists (as
Farroupilha Museum), on Assis Brasil street.
is one of the oldest municipalities in RS. In its beginnings the Patos
natives occupied the region. With the fall of Colônia de Sacramento, in
front of the city of Buenos Aires, in 1680, Portugal had to recede with
its troops, and concentrated them, first, on the mouth of Patos Lagoon, at
the area of the present city of Rio Grande. In Laguna and in Rio Grande,
there were started the movements of the territory occupation that nowadays
constitutes the State of RS. From the idea that "who occupies also
possesses", they had attempted to solve the confusions around the
area caused by the Madrid Treaty, signed in 1750.
exchanged Colônia de Sacramento area (presently in
Uruguay) by the Mission region (in RS state). So, Portugal could formally
spread its domains towards the south of Laguna, and to the territory
interior that could be accessed by navigable rivers.
this, the navigation ways control was vital to spread and consolidate the
possessions. So, the villages had always been located on the higher areas,
that were suitable to control the rivers and for the territory defense.
Triunfo, Santo Amaro and Rio Pardo are typical examples of villages that
were former fortresses.
is located on the confluence of Taquari and Jacuí rivers; it has an
enchanting geography and architecture.
honor the Farroupilha Revolution epopee, we have briefly documented this
land of Bento Gonçalves, a notorious triunfense
and farroupilha hero.
has the 4th biggest Gross National Product (PIB) in RS, due to
the Petrochemical Pole located in its territory (around 26 km away from
the municipality seat) that is responsible for 95% of the richness
generated in the municipality. Thanks to the Petrochemical Pole, the City
Hall has access to an outstanding municipal budget that, per inhabitant,
is 10 times higher than the values received by City Halls like Alvorada
and Viamão. Except for the City Council building (similar in size to
Porto Alegre’s, that has 75 times more inhabitants than Triunfo), the
public buildings are simple and well cared. Outside the central area,
mainly on the riverside areas, much poverty may be seen. During these 18
years, since the installation of the Petrochemical Pole, very little has
changed in the quality of life of its population.
Other information on Triunfo-RS: see
on the site NUTEP/UFRGS
Other information on São Jerônimo-RS: see
on the site NUTEP/UFRGS
SEPTEMBER 16th, 2001 IMAGES:
comprehensive approach for the 9th National Strawberry Festival may be
SEPTEMBER 15th, 2001 IMAGES:
From September 8th to 20th, in Harmonia Park there can be seen the
"Farroupilha Camping", which was instituted to commemorate the farroupilha
revolution date (or sul-riograndense), which occurred on the 20th
of September of 1835. During this period dozens of "piquetes"
(and tents) get installed in the "park woods", representing
different categories and institutions
(as CTGs, OAB, UFRGS, Legislative Council, Banrisul workers, Sogipa,
among many others). It is estimated that more than 300,000 people will
visit the Park.
The Farroupilha camping takes place between the end of Expointer and
“September, the 20th”, the date of the revolution. Many
urban gaúchos ("inhabitants") can remind their country life
taking vacation during these days. In this period uncountable chimarrões
are drunk, during the day. At night barbecues are made, unbelievable
stories are told, several lawn bowling games are played and "fandangaços"
take place during the whole night. There are "tiro
de laço" tournaments, and
the prendas (or "morenaças")
are admired as well as the peons with their horses; they days are an
weekend it ends the 9th National Strawberry Festival, in this small,
progressive and bucolic municipality of RS.
comprehensive report on this event can be checked in this specific
the 9th National Strawberry Festival.
SEPTEMBER 14th, 2001 IMAGES:
In the late afternoon, the State Government has
promoted a public act at Matriz Square, to seal the proposal handing of
the Budget for the year 2002, that was formulated with the participation
of 497 municipalities of the State. Around 370 thousand gaúchos had
participated of the meetings promoted in several regions of the State. The
foreseen value for the next year is of R$ 12.1 billion. The deficit,
between revenue and costs is around R$ 310 million. On the sites of Secretaria
da Fazenda do Estado and
Sindaf it is
possible to get more detailed information on the financial situation of RS
some images of this public event, which was attended by the Governor of
the State, The Legislative Council President, by state deputies,
secretaries, authorities and by the population that has come from
weekend, the 9th National Strawberry Fair ends, in this small, progressive
and bucolic municipality ends. The final shows will be promoted by the
bands Engenheiros do Havaí and by Banda Locomotiva, on Sunday afternoon.
comprehensive report on this event can be checked in this specific
section, about the 9th National Strawberry
SEPTEMBER 12th, 2001 IMAGES:
the 8th of September, 2001, up to the 20th of the same month, in Maurício
Sirotzky Sobrinho Park (or
Harmonia Park) takes place the "Farroupilha Camping", which
celebrates the farroupilha date that occurs on the 20th of
September. The event foresees more than 300,000 visitors, and it is one of
the biggest in public.
SEPTEMBER 8th, 2001 IMAGES:
this Saturday evening, the municipality inaugurated a splendid Cultural
Center with modern equipment and 500 seats. It will integrate the
rich and varied infrastructure that was built next to the Municipal Park,
which already has several other buildings (as a big municipal gymnasium,
health center, library, Gaúcho Traditionalist Center, and others).
images and information of the 9th National Strawberry Festival
that is taking place from 07th to 16th of September
of the current year can be accessed by clicking here.
7th, 2001 IMAGES:
September 07th to 16th, 2001, the 9th
National Strawberry Festival is taking place at the Municipal Park, next
to the City Hall. More than 80,000 visitors are being expected.
strawberry is the most loved fruit by children (it can be confirmed by the
high number of yogurts with strawberry flavor sold in Brazil, more
than 70% of the total amount of sold yogurts). At the festival it is
possible to taste several delicious sweets made with this attractive fruit,
mainly desserts with cream. The park has an excellent infrastructure, and
offers different entertainment, food and leisure choices. The program
foresees several performances of different groups and styles. The Park
also counts with a big exhibition of products and services from local
industries and stores. It
also has a distinctive “space for books” directed for the infantile
public. This cultural space, in its 5th edition, is part of the cultural
tradition of the municipality (Bom Princípio is the home town of the
known writer Paulo Flávio Ledur, president of Riograndense Book Chamber).
The park also offers several other cultural activities at a huge and
modern Cultural Center that has several rooms and an auditorium with 500
seats that will be inaugurated on September 8th with the
Symphonic Orchestra of Porto Alegre, OSPA.
party was opened with a parade of the Municipality Schools. There were
present mayors from the region, state and federal politicians as well as
other civilian and military authorities.
festival will last until the 16th of September. The complete
program of the event can be accessed clicking here.
some images of the opening parade for the “9th National
images and information can be accessed clicking here.
again 10 images of Porto Alegre, selected by this site responsible, within
an expressive collection of images (around 6 thousand) that have been
presented since 1999 on this site:
September 2nd, 2001 images:
here to see once more
how Expointer 2001 was.
Read the information and admire more than 140 images.
On Sunday, the City Hall inaugurated the route "The Parks’ path”, which interconnects Moinhos de Vento, Farroupilha parks with Guaíba’s riverside.
The project is part of what is called “Open Space System”, which tries to offer an overall view of the city, mainly of its public and open spaces. The 5km-long way (3 meter-wide) was completely signalized, attempting to offer more security to the users, who like to walk, to ride bikes, to rollerblade or even to skate. The project was implemented by EPTC and the City Hall, with the financial support of Banco Santander. The stroll for its inaugural ceremony started at 10 o’clock a.m., at Moinhos de Vento Park; has gone through several streets, until it got at Farroupilha Park, in front of the Administration building of the Federal University (UFRGS). There, it was the meeting point with the group that should come from Gasômetro with bicycles.
See again the beautiful image used in the signalling panel at the beginning of the path in Moinhos de Vento park: click here.
See the gathering images, the walk and the official
inauguration of the “Parks’ path” (with the presence of the mayor,
of the president of Banco Santander, of members of the city council,
authorities and several hundreds of participants of the first stroll and
also of the spectators):
28th, to September 2nd, 2001 images:
images and information on Expointer: