Fireworks at the end of a event at Pôr-do-sol Amphitheater, at Guaíba margins:   1 2,  3,  4,  5 6 

September 23rd, 2001: 


The Petrochemical Pole in Triunfo, located 50 km away from Porto Alegre, is an outstanding economic and technological enterprise in the state of Rio Grande do Sul (RS). Its companies (DSM, Inovva, Copesul, Ipiranga Petroquímica, Petroflex, OPP, Petroquímica Triunfo and other) generate around 3.5 % of the state richness, being its total amount higher than the GNP of municipalities like Novo Hamburgo, Santa Cruz do Sul, Pelotas and other populated cities; and equal to the whole campagna region of RS.

Its implementation at the southern part of Brazil has resulted from the strong support given, during the 70’s, by several gaúchos segments as party’s leaderships (Arena and MDB), the state government (that has actively participated of the definitions and supplied the infrastructure), entrepreneur’s associations, universities (as UFRGS and PUCRS, which have created the courses of Chemical Engineering) and also actors and simpler associations. For this reason, the ICMS legislation should foresee a more equalitarian share of the taxes generated by developments of this kind in order to benefit other neighboring and also distant municipalities (in a similar way of the oil extraction).

Due to several factors, mainly its qualified personnel as technicians, engineers and managers, the gaúcho Petrochemical Pole is, nowadays, one of the best, more promising and important enterprises in Latin America.  

The Petrochemical Pole of Triunfo is located at an area near to Caí River, close to its mouth in Jacuí River that flows into Guaíba Lake. It is possible to see its towers from high buildings in Porto Alegre  (in fact, the reddish sunset in Porto Alegre, is a result of a thin smoke-black produced by the Petrochemical Pole companies). Its companies are located in an area surrounded by an avenue that forms a “loop” around the Pole, starting at BR-386.

Inside the Petrochemical Pole, there is an admirable Ecological Park, which was created inn order to preserve several animal and vegetal species and that may be visited during the weekdays (not on Sundays).

Images of the area where the companies are located:  1 2 3 4 5, 6 7 8,  9 10,  11

Images of the Ecological Park:  1 2 3 4,  5 6 7 8,  9

Images of the Ecological Lake of Petroquímica Triunfo:  1 2


The municipality area, located a few kilometers away from Porto Alegre, close to the mouth of Sinos River into Jacuí River, was one of the first to be colonized in RS. From there, the colonizers had gone into the interior of the Gaúcho state.

The municipality got emancipated from Canoas in 1992. The main seat is located on a hill, at the side of BR-386 (or “Production highway”). It has an important cement factory, called Cimbagé.

Images of the municipality:  1 2,  3 4

ð     Other information about Nova Santa Rita-RS:  see on the site NUTEP/UFRGS

 September 21st, 2001 Images: 


The city of São Paulo has around 10.7 million inhabitants; and it is the most populated in Brazil. On Avenida Paulista, it is concentrated the greatest Latin American financial center. This high area exhibits vigor and youth; although its historical center does not seem to be the same as before; without the former “glamour”, it transmits a sensation of insecurity and apathy.

1) Av. Paulista:  1 2 3,  4,  5 6 7,  8,  9 10 11,  12,  13,  14

2) Anhangabaú Valley:  1

3) Sé Square:  1,  2

4) School yard (location where the city was founded):  1 2

5) Banespa building (the highest in Brazil):  1 2

6) São Bento monastery:  1,  2 3,  4 , 5 , 6

7) Santa Efigênia Viaduct (images of one lane seen from the Viaduct):  1 2

8) Palácio Itália Building:  1

9) Nove de Julho Avenue:  1

10) Hotel Paulista W. S.:  1



On September 20th, in Rio Grande do Sul, it is celebrated the Revolução Farroupilha, that irrupted at the night of September 19th, 1835, when Bento Gonçalves da Silva advanced with around 200 "farrapos" (exalted wing, who wanted more independent provinces, tied by a more flexible republic) towards the capital Porto Alegre (which, at that time, had around 14 thousand inhabitants) by Azenha way (nowadays Avenida João Pessoa). The revolt was due to the high taxes charged at the sales points (usually other States) on items (animals, leather, dried meat and wheat) produced in the State farms. The farmers also complained about other taxes: on the imported salt and the land property.  

The revolution lasted almost 10 years without any winner or looser. Baron Duque de Caxias and General Davi Canabarro signed the peace treaty in Ponche Verde, on February 2nd, 1845.

At that time, Porto Alegre was a commercial harbor and had no reasons to joint the revolt. Its businessmen did not share the separatist ideas with the campagna leaders, like Bento Gonçalves da Silva and Antônio de Souza Netto, who proclaimed the Riograndense Republic in the next year. For this, they have reached the rebels on the 15th of June 1836. From then on, until December 1840, the capital remained besieged, with many difficulties related to the supply of essential items: dried meat, lantern oil, flour, beans and other food. Due to the loyalty of the capital to the Empire, it got the title of  "Loyal and Valuable" on the 19th of October 1841, which remains in its arms until nowadays.  

Outside the capital, the farroupilhas had impressive successes. At Seival battle (location that nowadays belongs to the municipality of Candiota), General Antônio de Souza Netto imposed a stupendous defeat to João da Silva Tavares, who had 170 fighters more. On the next day, on September 11th, 1836, Netto proclaimed the Riograndense Republic, with its seat in Piratini.

Nevertheless, the farrapos suffered another downfall near the capital, when they were beat at the Fanfa Island; the rebel army with 1,000 men dispersed and general Bento Gonçalves da Silva was arrested and taken to the Laje Fort, in Rio de Janeiro.

In 1839, the Italian corsair Giuseppe Garibaldi joins the Farrapos. Those needed, after 4 years of battles, an access to Patos Lagoon and to the Ocean, which were blocked by the imperialists from Porto Alegre and Rio Grande, respectively. In order to break the siege, they have decided to incite Santa Catarina, where they had adepts. For that, they decided to invade the strategic city of Laguna. Garibaldi has ordered the construction of two enormous watercrafts in a farm of the present municipality of Camaquã (125 km away from Porto Alegre), that had been taken from the current Palmares do Sul municipality to the Tramandaí River mouth (at the present Tramandaí municipality) on an 8-wheel cart, and 800 oxen. In Araranguá, in the state of Santa Catarina, Rio Pardo watercraft sank; but they continued with Seival watercraft, commanded by the American John Griggs (whose nickname was "João Grande"). In Laguna, the boaters, supported by Davi Canabarro troops, had a great victory and annexed the Province on the 29th of July 1839, naming it as Juliana Republic.

In Laguna, Garibaldi met the seamstress Ana Maria de Jesus Ribeiro, that later was named as Anita Garibaldi, and who has followed him on a horse during the war (Anitas’ home which is still preserved). Years later, Garibaldi returned to Italy to fight for its unification; and for that he is known as a “hero of two worlds”. The imperialists had retaken Laguna on November 15th, 1839.

In Rio Grande do Sul, the farroupilhas had changed twice the capital: to Caçapava do Sul, in 1839; and to Alegrete, in July, 1842.

On November 14th, 1844, the farroupilhas had suffered a big defeat at Cerro dos Porongos, located between the present municipalities of Piratini and Bagé. In this battle, the Imperial Colonel Francisco Pedro de Abreu, the smart "Moringue", has devastated 1,1 fighters of Davi Canabarro, who were taken aback when they were asleep. The main guilt had fallen on "Chica Papagaia" (Maria Francisca Duarte Ferreira), who had been entertaining General Davi Canabarro in his tent.  

The peace treaty, celebrated in 1845 has met many requirements, mainly related to a better treatment by the imperial government. The name of farroupilha leaders is affixed on several streets of the gaúchas municipalities. In Porto Alegre, one of the main streets honors the pacificator Duque de Caxias.

The Farroupilha revolution epopee has created great heroes, myths and symbols: unexpressive ideals and feelings of the revolted farroupilhas remain and are expressed in Rio Grande do Sul symbols, constituted by the title "República Rio-grandense", and the lemma "liberty, equality and humanity" (within a Brazilian nation).

See some images of the parade in honor of Revolução Farroupilha date, that took place on the 20th of September, as it is usual year after year:  1 2 3 4,  5 , 6  (images by Cleonice E. O. C.)

(Source: Zero Hora, Caderno Especial, from the 16th to the 20th of September 2001)

September 18th, 2001 Images:


On the 20th of September, the farrapos (or farroupilhas, the liberal and opposite wing of the monarchists) had taken the city of Porto Alegre, led by Bento Gonçalves da Silva, a federalist deputy and revolutionaries’ colonel. Bento Gonçalves was son of a rich farmer; was born in Triunfo, on September 23rd, 1788, in a house that still exists (as Farroupilha Museum), on Assis Brasil street.

Triunfo is one of the oldest municipalities in RS. In its beginnings the Patos natives occupied the region. With the fall of Colônia de Sacramento, in front of the city of Buenos Aires, in 1680, Portugal had to recede with its troops, and concentrated them, first, on the mouth of Patos Lagoon, at the area of the present city of Rio Grande. In Laguna and in Rio Grande, there were started the movements of the territory occupation that nowadays constitutes the State of RS. From the idea that "who occupies also possesses", they had attempted to solve the confusions around the area caused by the Madrid Treaty, signed in 1750.

Basically, the Madrid Treaty exchanged Colônia de Sacramento area (presently in Uruguay) by the Mission region (in RS state). So, Portugal could formally spread its domains towards the south of Laguna, and to the territory interior that could be accessed by navigable rivers.

Due to this, the navigation ways control was vital to spread and consolidate the possessions. So, the villages had always been located on the higher areas, that were suitable to control the rivers and for the territory defense. Triunfo, Santo Amaro and Rio Pardo are typical examples of villages that were former fortresses. 

Triunfo is located on the confluence of Taquari and Jacuí rivers; it has an enchanting geography and architecture. 

To honor the Farroupilha Revolution epopee, we have briefly documented this land of Bento Gonçalves, a notorious triunfense and farroupilha hero.

1) Views of the city (on a hill), seen from a ferryboat that goes from Triunfo-São Jerônimo:  1, 2 3

2) Boats, at Jacuí river harbor, on the confluence of Taquari and Jacuí rivers; at the back, it may be seen  Flores Island:  1 2

3) Harbor area:  1 2,  3,  4,  5 (on picture 4, it may be seen at the back the smokes from the chimneys of São Jerônimo Thermoelectric Mill )

4) Bom Jesus Church , built in 1754 (complemented later, until 1872):  1,  2 3 4 5,  6 7 8

5) Farroupilha Week vigil, on Gal. Bento Gonçalves square:  1, 2

6) Historical houses and streets:  1 (present City Hall),  2,  3 4 5,  6 (present Public Library)

7) House where Bento Gonçalves da Silva was born (nowadays Farroupilha Museum):  1,  2,  3,  4 5,  6,  7,  8

8) Other historical houses and streets:  1,  2,  3 , 4,  5,  6,  7,  8 (hospital)

9) New areas and constructions in the city:  1 2,  3 4 5 (City Council)

10) Facilities of Petrochemical Pole companies (will be better documented later):  1 2

Triunfo has the 4th biggest Gross National Product (PIB) in RS, due to the Petrochemical Pole located in its territory (around 26 km away from the municipality seat) that is responsible for 95% of the richness generated in the municipality. Thanks to the Petrochemical Pole, the City Hall has access to an outstanding municipal budget that, per inhabitant, is 10 times higher than the values received by City Halls like Alvorada and Viamão. Except for the City Council building (similar in size to Porto Alegre’s, that has 75 times more inhabitants than Triunfo), the public buildings are simple and well cared. Outside the central area, mainly on the riverside areas, much poverty may be seen. During these 18 years, since the installation of the Petrochemical Pole, very little has changed in the quality of life of its population.

ð     Other information on Triunfo-RS: see on the site NUTEP/UFRGS


1) Views of the city, seen from the ferryboat that crosses Triunfo-São Jerônimo, and vice-versa: 1, 2, 3

2) Downtown (its main streets lead to the harbor): 1, 2, 3

ð     Other information on São Jerônimo-RS: see on the site NUTEP/UFRGS 



The 9th National Strawberry Festival ended on a very cold Sunday, with a nice afternoon sun and big public attendance. See some images got during this day:   1,   2,   3,   4,   5,   6,   7

A more comprehensive approach for the 9th National Strawberry Festival may be checked clicking here.



From September 8th to 20th, in Harmonia Park there can be seen the "Farroupilha Camping", which was instituted to commemorate the farroupilha revolution date (or sul-riograndense), which occurred on the 20th of September of 1835. During this period dozens of "piquetes" (and tents) get installed in the "park woods", representing different categories and institutions  (as CTGs, OAB, UFRGS, Legislative Council, Banrisul workers, Sogipa, among many others). It is estimated that more than 300,000 people will visit the Park.

The Farroupilha camping takes place between the end of Expointer and “September, the 20th”, the date of the revolution. Many urban gaúchos ("inhabitants") can remind their country life taking vacation during these days. In this period uncountable chimarrões are drunk, during the day. At night barbecues are made, unbelievable stories are told, several lawn bowling games are played and "fandangaços" take place during the whole night. There are "tiro de laço" tournaments, and the prendas (or "morenaças") are admired as well as the peons with their horses; they days are an endless party. 

See some images of the event:   1  2  3  4  5  6  7  8  9  10  11  12  13  14  15  16  17  18  19,   20  21  22  23,   24  25,   26  27  28  29  30


On this weekend it ends the 9th National Strawberry Festival, in this small, progressive and bucolic municipality of RS.

See some images taken on this Saturday:   1  2,   3,   4,   5,   6

A more comprehensive report on this event can be checked in this specific section, about the 9th National Strawberry Festival.



In the late afternoon, the State Government has promoted a public act at Matriz Square, to seal the proposal handing of the Budget for the year 2002, that was formulated with the participation of 497 municipalities of the State. Around 370 thousand gaúchos had participated of the meetings promoted in several regions of the State. The foreseen value for the next year is of R$ 12.1 billion. The deficit, between revenue and costs is around R$ 310 million. On the sites of Secretaria da Fazenda do Estado and Sindaf it is possible to get more detailed information on the financial situation of RS state.

Check some images of this public event, which was attended by the Governor of the State, The Legislative Council President, by state deputies, secretaries, authorities and by the population that has come from different regions:   1  2,   3


On this weekend, the 9th National Strawberry Fair ends, in this small, progressive and bucolic municipality ends. The final shows will be promoted by the bands Engenheiros do Havaí and by Banda Locomotiva, on Sunday afternoon.

See some images of this Friday:   1  2  3  4,   5

A more comprehensive report on this event can be checked in this specific section, about the 9th National Strawberry Festival.



 Since the 8th of September, 2001, up to the 20th of the same month, in Maurício Sirotzky Sobrinho Park  (or Harmonia Park) takes place the "Farroupilha Camping", which celebrates the farroupilha date that occurs on the 20th of September. The event foresees more than 300,000 visitors, and it is one of the biggest in public.

See some panoramic images of the area, got at a distance, from the top of Duque de Caxias street:   1,   2 



On this Saturday evening, the municipality inaugurated a splendid Cultural Center with modern equipment and 500 seats.  It will integrate the rich and varied infrastructure that was built next to the Municipal Park, which already has several other buildings (as a big municipal gymnasium, health center, library, Gaúcho Traditionalist Center,  and others).

See some images of the inauguration:   1  2,   3,   4,   5

Other images and information of the 9th National Strawberry Festival that is taking place from 07th to 16th of September of the current year can be accessed by clicking here.




From September 07th to 16th, 2001, the 9th National Strawberry Festival is taking place at the Municipal Park, next to the City Hall. More than 80,000 visitors are being expected.

The strawberry is the most loved fruit by children (it can be confirmed by the high number of yogurts with strawberry flavor sold in Brazil,  more than 70% of the total amount of sold yogurts).  At the festival it is possible to taste several delicious sweets made with this attractive fruit, mainly desserts with cream. The park has an excellent infrastructure, and offers different entertainment, food and leisure choices. The program foresees several performances of different groups and styles. The Park also counts with a big exhibition of products and services from local industries and stores.  It also has a distinctive “space for books” directed for the infantile public. This cultural space, in its 5th edition, is part of the cultural tradition of the municipality (Bom Princípio is the home town of the known writer Paulo Flávio Ledur, president of Riograndense Book Chamber). The park also offers several other cultural activities at a huge and modern Cultural Center that has several rooms and an auditorium with 500 seats that will be inaugurated on September 8th with the Symphonic Orchestra of Porto Alegre, OSPA.

The party was opened with a parade of the Municipality Schools. There were present mayors from the region, state and federal politicians as well as other civilian and military authorities.

 The festival will last until the 16th of September. The complete program of the event can be accessed clicking here.

See some images of the opening parade for the “9th National Strawberry Festival”.

1,   2,   3,   4,   5,   6,   7,   8,   9,   10

Other images and information can be accessed clicking here.


 September 4th, 2001: 

See again 10 images of Porto Alegre, selected by this site responsible, within an expressive collection of images (around 6 thousand) that have been presented since 1999 on this site:

 1,   2,   3,   4,   5,   6,   7,   8,   9,   10

September 2nd, 2001 images:


Last day at Expointer 2001:   1  2  3  4  5  6,   7,   8

Click here to see once more how Expointer 2001 was.  Read the information and admire more than 140 images.


On Sunday, the City Hall inaugurated the route "The Parks’ path”, which interconnects Moinhos de Vento, Farroupilha parks with Guaíba’s riverside. 

The project is part of what is called  “Open Space System”, which tries to offer an overall view of the city, mainly of its public and open spaces. The 5km-long way (3 meter-wide) was completely signalized, attempting to offer more security to the users, who like to walk, to ride bikes, to rollerblade or even to skate. The project was implemented by EPTC and the City Hall, with the financial support of Banco Santander.  The stroll for its inaugural ceremony started at 10 o’clock a.m., at Moinhos de Vento Park; has gone through several streets, until it got at Farroupilha Park, in front of the Administration building of the Federal University (UFRGS).  There, it was the meeting point with the group that should come from Gasômetro with bicycles.

 See again the beautiful image used in the signalling panel at the beginning of the path in Moinhos de Vento park:  click here.  

See the gathering images, the walk and the official inauguration of the “Parks’ path” (with the presence of the mayor, of the president of Banco Santander, of members of the city council, authorities and several hundreds of participants of the first stroll and also of the spectators):   1  2,  3  4,   5  6,   7,   8  9, 10  11  12,   13  14  15  16  17  18  19  20  21  22  23  24  25, 26  27  28  29,   30,   31

 Images of the walk dispersal:   1  2  3  4  5

 August 28th, to September 2nd, 2001 images:


New images and information on Expointer:  see here



Translated by Traduzca