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Porto Alegre eastern region sight

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from Porto Alegre

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Picture sequences got  with a digital camera:

NOVEMBER 29th, 2001:

PORTO ALEGRE-RS: 

- Santander Cultural Architecture:

Santander Cultural seat is located in a building that is part of the historical patrimony of Rio Grande do Sul, at Alfândega Square, in Porto Alegre business center. The building was the headquarters for the banks Nacional do Comércio (which has followed Banco da Província, that was the first bank in the state, founded in 1858, in the building of the old Casa Masson) and Sulbrasileiro. The building is one of the most beautiful and majestic in the city and probably is the masterpiece of the great German architect Theodor Wiederspahn (that was unjustly disqualified in 1933 to the category of  "licensed constructor"). It was built in a neoclassical style, incorporated positivist elements, in the period between 1927 to 1932. It has an area of 5,600m2. Recently it was restored by Santander Bank (which incorporated Meridional Bank; that on its turn has followed Sulbrasileiro Bank which was created by the merger of several banks, among them the Nacional do Comércio Bank, that followed the first bank of the state that was Banco da Província).

The restoration and adaptation project has transformed the building into one of the most modern cultural spaces of the country; it joins to other important cultural spaces in the city’s center, including mainly MARGS and RS Memorial; in September 2002, the central city area will be contemplated with a new and important cultural center in honor of the writer Érico Veríssimo.

See and admire the following images of this magnificent cultural center:

1,   2,   3,   4,   5,   6,   7,   8,   9,   10,   11,   12,   13,   14,   15,   16,   17,   18,   19,   20,   21,   22,   23,   24,   25,   26,   27,   28,   29,   30,   31,   32,   33,   34,   35,   36

(due to the 3a. Bienal do Mercosul, there were focused only areas and walls not occupied by works of art; we thank the press of the Cultural Center, which allowed the image taking and the development of this short documentary)

Other information on the building and the events programming may be obtained by clicking on the site Santander Cultural

NOVEMBER 27TH, 2001 IMAGES:

PORTO ALEGRE-RS

 - Late afternoon in the city:   1 2 3 

NOVEMBER 17th, 2001:

BOM PRINCÍPIO-RS 

- Brave defense of the territory:   1

In the image above, we can see a quero-quero intrepidly defending its nest, avoiding the approach of the sheep. The camouflaged nest  is located besides this bird, which is considered a symbol of the southern Brazilian fields. In RS, it is praised in poems and songs as the “pampas sentinel”. Nevertheless, it can also be frequently heard and seen in the cities when it invades squares and parks. 

SÃO LEOPOLDO-RS 

– A ride through UNISINOS campus:

UNISINOS stands among the five biggest and most important universities of RS, together with UFRGS, PUCRS, ULBRA and UCS. All of them have important jobs, philosophies and peculiarities. They are located in this southern state of Brazil, which outstands for the quality of its universities and the technological qualification of its companies.  UFRGS, maintained by the federal government, outstands for the research and the post-graduation courses; it is one of the 5 most important universities in Brazil; PUCRS, located in Porto Alegre, follows a Marist catholic philosophy;  ULBRA, with headquarters in Canoas-RS and with several campi in many cities and states throughout Brazil is maintained by a Lutheran institution; UNISINOS, located in São Leopoldo, in the center of  Sinos valley, follows a Jesuitical or Ignatian option. And, finally, UCS, located in the Italian region of Caxias do Sul, which is an example of a regional university, as well as UNISC, URI, URCAMP, UNIJUÍ, UPF, UNIVATES, FEEVALE and others, that play important roles in the development of their regions. From all the universities in RS  (and maybe in Brazil and Latin America), UNISINOS has the most beautiful and outstanding campus, as it may be seen in the following images taken within the university area during this sunny Saturday:

1,   2,   3,   4,   5,   6,   7,   8,   9,   10,   11,   12,   13,   14,   15,   16,   17,   18,   19,   20

  21,   22,   23,   24,   25,   26,   27,   28,   29,   30,   31,   32,   33,   34,   35,   36,   37,   38,   39,   40,   41,   42,   43,   44,   45

NOVEMBER 13th, 2001 IMAGES:

PORTO ALEGRE-RS 

– Stone Bridge:   1

The stone bridge that has been kept at Largo dos Açorianos, is an important  testimony of a period in the history of Porto Alegre, when the rivulet (present Dilúvio brook) passed by there. The bridge was built following orders of Caxias Count , in March 1st , 1846, during the riograndense conciliation period. Up to then, at the "end of Figueira Street” there was a wood bridge that  frequently presented problems. The bridge has begun to be used in March 1848. One century later, the works remain inactive due to the rivulet pipe works. Nevertheless, wisely, the municipality has preserved the bridge over a water mirror.

- Facilities of the new International Airport Salgado Filho:   1,   2,   3,   4,   5,   6,   7,   8,   9,   10,   11,   12

In the last October, Infraero has inaugurated the facilities of the new airport of Porto Alegre that is one of the most modern in the country. Besides the passengers, many tourists and curious people, including school children circulate in its facilities.

NOVEMBER 11th, 2001 IMAGES:

PORTO ALEGRE-RS – Ligustrum blooming:  1

Ligustrum is an exotic tree, originated from the east (Japan, Korea and China) which has permanent leaves and white-green flowers, that become little purple fruits very appreciated by birds. The scientific name of this tree is ligustrum japonicum. In Porto Alegre it can be found downtown and in Menino Deus neighborhood.

- Fruits of Benjamin ficus:   1,   2,   3

These trees are located on Fernando Machado street  (former "rua do arvoredo" street), at the back of Palácio Piratini. Is belongs to the ficus microcarp species; the interwoven roots are a result of the trees’ arrangement.

In the house next to the trees, on the corner of General Auto and Fernando Machado streets, an extremely morbid fact took place in the end of the XIX century and is known as "rua do arvoredo crime".

- Farewell of the 46th Book Fair:    1,   2,   3,   4,   5,   6,   7 

(previous images of the Book Fair can be seen by clicking here)

- Sunset:   1,   2,   3,   4,   5

(previous sunset images can be accessed by clicking here)

NOVEMBER 10TH, 2001 IMAGES:

SANTANA DO LIVRAMENTO-RS 

Santana do Livramento is located on the border of Brazil and Uruguay. On the other side of the dry border  (a urban street) it is located Rivera. It is one of the oldest, historical and with one of the largest territories in RS. The city has gone through several prosperous periods, when large wool producers, cold storage plants, social organizations and soccer clubs appeared at large. Slowly, the economy started to decline, due to several reasons. Among them, we can enumerate: the isolation (distance from other expressive economical centers), a centralized view (in politics, industry, trade and territorial organization), and excessive attachment to the history and traditions (generating difficulties to accept conceptual and practical changes), an economic option directed to the agriculture, cattle raising and trade, without emphasizing the industry development, which is a “bridge” between the former and the latter.

The recent economic globalization process has increased the difficulties in the municipality. The “free shop” in Rivera is paralyzed due to the high exchange rates (raising the goods’ prices to levels which do no stimulate Brazilian customers). An important portion of the population is unemployed, what can be measured through the amount of informal salespeople on the streets.

On the other side, the municipality has an important cultural history and a lively nature.

It is located at the famous “Parallel 31", and its land and climate are proper for fruit, mainly grape crops. Some American universities made this recommendation about the land. Based on these studies, a Californian company, which produces "Almadén" wines, tried to install in the region of Bagé-RS. Due to some purchasing difficulties, it has accepted an offer of lands in the district of Palomas, which belongs to the municipality of Santana do Livramento.

In 1974, Almadén started its huge project, after more than 10 years of grape preparation and selection. The first fine varieties, with Almadén brand, were launched in Brazil in 1983.

 The wines are locally produced, and originate from their own grapes produced in more than 5000 hectares.

  Yearly, between 6 and 8 tons of grapes are produced, generating an equal amount of wines, produced from grapes varieties as Riesling, Ugni blanc, gewürztraminer, Gamay Beaujolais, cabernet, merlot and cabernet sauvignon.

The company wines are consumed within the national market, mainly in São Paulo, which is the leading purchaser, reporting for more than 60% of the total production, followed by Minas Gerais, with other 15%. Due to the closing of the glass factory Vifosa, located in Canoas-RS, some years ago, the company has started to bottle the wines in São Paulo. In that state, the taxes on the wine production is also lower (12% compared to the 17% in RS). So, the unit in Santana do Livramento has reduced its staff from more than 800 workers to a little more than 100. It has also transferred almost the whole of its Added Value to there, causing a great negative impact on the taxes return to Santana de Livramento. These problems may be reverted with a prevailing governmental policy in strategic aspects (trying to get back a wine factory) and fiscal (reducing the taxes on some specific sectors and products), in order to objectively face the “fiscal wars” unilaterally established by the states.

 Recently, the company, formerly controlled by Seagram, was acquired by a French multinational, which intends to increase and vary the wine lines, including the old oak barrel usage.

Nevertheless, a question remains: what implemented measures could revert the relative apathy and frustration of the municipality?

Among some measures, we take the opportunity to suggest the following ones:

a)       to make viable the access to the land for a greater number of owners, without harming the present ones, promoting a natural cultural and patrimonial change, which would be advantageous to the present landowners, and able to move, diversify and intensify the primary production:

b) to stimulate vigorously and to provide more resources for the grape and other fruit crops, which are proper for the region;

c) to make possible and to subsidize industry installations, like wine producers with a higher effort from the  government;

d) to encourage the creation of new villages and municipalities, searching for more new markets and competitors;

e) to foment the creation of  organized civil societies, as associations, councils, cooperatives and of  democratic institutions in order to increase the levels of the “social capital”;

f) To search for new developments in the tourism, urban and rural, including the perforation of deep wells to transform the city into a thermal resort;

g) to stimulate the use of advanced technologies at school and in companies, to compensate the distance with economical and cultural centers through new communication paradigms. For instance, some municipalities sites as the portal "Santana do Livramento" are meritorious initiatives, which deserve the public, private and community support; they constitute new windows for the world to see the distant city and, at the same time, to enable the city to see other cities and realities of the world, even when located at a huge physical distance.

See some images of the municipality (on a very rainy day):

- of downtown:    1,   2,   3,   4,   5,   6,   7,   8,   9,   10,   11,   12

- of Palomas district:   1,   2,   3,

- of the present Almadén structure:    1,   2,   3,   4,   5,   6,   7

(the wine barrels are made of aluminum and steel and support volumes up to 255.000 liters)

=> Other information of Santana do Livramento-RS: see on the site NUTEP/UFRGS

QUARAÍ-RS 

The historical municipality of Quaraí-RS is located 105 km away from Santana do Livramento. It is on the border of Uruguay, being separated by a river. On the other margin there is the city of Artigas (see a city image: 1). To go to Quaraí, passing by Santana do Livramento, an asphalted highway, with very little traffic is crossed. On both sides there can be seen “fields and fields with cattle”, with little signs of human presence (very rare constructions). The city perspires a certain “far west” atmosphere due to its peaceful appearance; low buildings with few colors, people’s dressing and an expressive use of pickups.

Downtown images, on a rainy day:   1,   2,   3

=> Other information on Quaraí-RS: see on NUTEP/UFRGS site

NOVEMBER 4th, 2001 IMAGES: 

PORTO ALEGRE-RS 

- São Pedro Hospital:  1 

São Pedro was the first psychiatric hospital in the city. Its construction was started on December 2nd, 1879. The first part was concluded in 1884; nevertheless the 5th and last building was concluded only in 1903. In 1884, it was visited by Princess Isabel, when just ¼ of the building was finished. At that time, it was considered a great advance to put the people, who were unduly locked in a prison, in a hospital.  At its best times, the hospital has sheltered more than 5 thousand people, but with the current policy of receiving people with psychical sufferings in smaller places, the hospital is being gradually deactivated.

 On the hill in front of the Hospital, formerly known as Hospice Hill, the tragedy of  “Maria Degolada” took place. The story is being represented in a play in the city. There, on November 12th, 1899, Maria Francelina Trenes, 21 years old and of German origin, was crudely decapitated by her lover Bruno Soares Bicudo, a soldier of the Military Brigades, better known as "soldier Brum". The crime was due to a vile reason, (futile argument). On a Sunday, "soldier Brum" and three other colleagues, with their respective wives, decided to make a picnic on the top of the hill, where today there is the street Carlos de Laet. After a barbecue, Maria Francelina and soldier Brum argued; and the soldier decapitated the lover, was arrested and died after seven years in the prison.

 Soon, the place began to be adored by humble people, mainly by people with “sorrowful loves”, and many candles and gifts were offered to the young woman, who became popularly known as "Maria Degolada". Within the official locations, the hill and the place are referred as: "Maria da Conceição".

 Nowadays, there is a little chapel on that location, were there candles are continuously lit. The place is difficult to be reached: the road that leads to the place is asphalted, but it is narrow, sinuous and on both sides very humble houses can be seen. It seems a "blind alley" (so, impressed and afraid we had continued without taking any image from the location).

 - Village or Belém Velho neighborhood:  1 23 4 5 6 78

Belém Velho is one of the oldest districts of Porto Alegre. The architecture of its houses  (short and at the sidewalk), its narrow streets and the little chapel evidence that the village was founded by the Azorean descendants.

- View of Restinga neighborhood, taken at the top of Glória neighborhood:  1 2

- View of Porto Alegre downtown, taken at the top of Glória neighborhood:   1

- View of the Catholic Shrine Mãe de Deus:  12

NOVEMBER 3rd, 2001 IMAGES: 

BOM PRINCÍPIO-RS

 In Brazil, November 2nd is the “Memorial Day”, a day which reminds and honors the dead with flowers and prays. The cemetery preservation is important due to several reasons besides the religious ones; in them, we can find out some important features of the habits and of the history of each location (due to this, some consider them as museums at an open sky”). For instance, the size and richness of the tombs, the location, the material employed, the kind and meaning of the inscriptions help to revolve and understand the life in the past.  See some images of the beautiful cemetery (or better, “Peaceful Garden”) in Bom Princípio-RS:   1 2 3 4,  5 6 7 8 9

Additional explanations: In 1866 Nicolaus Neis built a microbrewery in São Vendelino; he also killed a tiger on the top of a tree during the expedition of  farmers who searched for the family of Lamberto Versteg, ravished by the natives in 1868. Guilherme Winter was the founder of Bom Princípio; Peter and Anna Scherer were the parents of the longed gaúcho cardinal, D. Vicente Scherer; and Felipe Selbach has divided the lands into lots which became, years later, the municipality of Selbach.

NOVEMBER 2nd, 2001: 

PORTO ALEGRE-RS:  

Guapuruvu flourishing with contrasting colors and curves (located in Petrópolis neighborhood):   1

Tipuanas flowers (or acacias of the tipa species) on João Pessoa Avenue:  1,   2 

  The first tree, located on Leopoldina Viaduct, in front of the Law School, was the central  factor for a historical event that has impacted  the gaúcha press and society, in the past 70’s.  The design plan for the viaduct (the works were being started) of João Pessoa avenue over Perimetral (Loureiro da Silva Ave.), foresaw to put a series of trees down, including this one, in order to make possible the way  enlargement.  At eleven in the morning of  February 2nd, 1975 the workers from the Municipal Works Secretary arrived with the task  of cutting the trees on the sidewalk in front of the Law School.  There was a last tree to be cut, when they left the place to have lunch (they would finish the work later ).  Meanwhile, a student from the Electro technical School, Carlos Alberto Dayrel (natural from another Brazilian state and who used to live in the Students’ House, located on the other side of the avenue), climbed the tree and tried to avoid its cutting. Very soon, the transients supported him, and two other students (Teresa Jardim, from the Librarian School and Marcos Saracol, from the Mathematics School) also climbed it. In that time, during the dictatorship period, this fact constituted an illegal and severe offense to the order instituted by the “exception regimen”. 

Nevertheless, the defying attitude of the youngsters have soon impressed and touched the transients, who have started to watch this unbelievable scene, and soon started to request for the work interruption. During the events, the Military Troops were called and transformed the avenue into a war stage. Later, the Director of the Engineering School achieved to climb the tree and has dealt with the students (he assured that the tree would remain and that nothing would happen to them). At the end of the confusion, the promise of the Municipal Secretary of Works that the tree would not be cut was obeyed, but some journalists (who have been there reporting the events) were spanked and two students were arrested to the frightening DOPS (Political and Social Order Department).

The tree is still there, as a symbol of resistance to a wild growth; and the fact has created a consciousness in the city, which has broadened the value and the space for environmental and social issues. (Porto Alegre was, the first city to have a Municipal Environment Secretary in its administrative structure. It has also planted an ever increasing number of trees on its streets, becoming the capital with the highest tree density per inhabitant).

On April 25th, 1998, the serene engineer Carlos Alberto Dayrel has returned to the city in order to be honored with the title of “Citizen of Porto Alegre”, conferred by the Municipal Council.

 (Source: Rio Grande do Sul: um século de história, Carlos Urbim, Lucia Porto and Magda Achutti. Porto Alegre: Mercado Aberto,  1999,  v. 2,  p. 625-626).

Strolling at Marinha do Brasil Park:  

1,   2,   3,   4,   5,   6,   7,   8,   9,   10,   11,   12,   13,   14,   15,   16,   17

In the beginning the area of Marinha do Brasil Park (leveled at Guaíba Lake) was presumed to become a residential area. Following this idea, Beira Rio Avenue was built and inaugurated on December 27th, 1963. Another law, promulgated on November 24th, 1967 has changed the area purpose, into a project for a park, which has later become Marinha do Brasil Park. Its design, won in a contest, was idealized by the architects Rogério Malinsky and Ivan Mizoguchi. The area urbanization was made within the Renaissance Project ambit,  which had directed,  among others, resources for the construction and restoration of several areas in Menino Deus neighborhood and its surroundings. The park, with a 715 thousand square meter area,  was inaugurated in 1978 and it has, as its major features, a great number and variety of sport equipments available for public use, including skate and rollerblading rinks, which had become “very popular, many years later, in other cities of the country. The park also has a mini-zoo and a huge walking road for jogging and strolling.

(Source: Atlas Ambiental de Porto Alegre, coordinated by Rualdo Menegat, and published by UFRGS, PMPA and INPE).

Tree species with white flowers:   1,   2

Borges de Medeiros Avenue:  1

The old way to the city southern area is becoming an important urban axis for the service sectors, with the construction of several  public buildings, several hotels, company’s administrative headquarters, gas stations, as well  as the amplification of Praia de Belas Mall (nowadays the second biggest in the city). This important artery, which leads to neighborhoods like Menino Deus, Morro Santa Tereza and Cristal, besides several others located in the southern city, will dispute with Carlos Gomes Avenue (which is being duplicated, according to the implementation of the 3rd perimetral project) the primacy of attracting new investments in the service area.

Museum of Porto Alegre Joaquim Felizardo, located on João Alfredo Street, in Cidade Baixa:  1,   2

NOVEMBER 1st, 2001

PORTO ALEGRE-RS:  

New images from Matriz Square, multicolored by the blooming of guapuruvus, silk oaks and jacarandas:  1,   2,   3,   4,   5,   6,   7

Restoration works of the old building of UFRGS tannery, which will become a University Museum: 1   

Other UFRGS’s  central  campus buildings, which belong to the richest architectural and historical patrimony of the city are being restored. The campus may become a new touristic and business attraction in the State. Among several very important buildings for the city history we can enumerate the old building of the Engineering School, which is the oldest sample of the positivist influence on the state; the monumental building of the old Medicine School,  which has changed the health history in the south region from 1924 on; building of the ancient Parobé Institute, which had an outstanding role in the technical and industrialization teaching within the State. Several individuals and entities are congregating efforts to restore these buildings. The "veteran" UFRGS is one of the 5 most important universities in Brazil, responsible for the  excellent performance in its graduation and post-graduation courses. In its several life decades, it has formed  consecutive generations of students, who, nowadays,  actuate in important positions as in health, computer science, public sector areas and others.  It had an important role in the implementation and consolidation of the Petrochemical Pole in Triunfo (responsible for 3% of RS’ GNP) . Besides, the coming of companies as General Motors, Dell Computers and Motorola, is due to government efforts and, mainly to the gaúcho territory capacity and mainly to its highly qualified  human resources (several other gaúchas universities are included : PUCRS, UCS and UNISINOS).

In order to access images of other UFRGS buildings and to obtain further details on them and on the historical center restoration, click here.

Tipuanas blooming in Redenção Park:  1

Praça XV cottage:  1

Monument in honor to Gal. Osório, a hero of Paraguay War, in Alfândega Square: 1

Webmaster: lrklering@adm.ufrgs.br

Translated by Traduzca