JUNE 30th, 2001 IMAGES:
Images from the extension from Pareci Novo-RS to Bom Princípio-RS, via Salvador do Sul-RS:
town was emancipated in 1992 being its main activity the flower and fruit
growing, what makes it outstand among other “gauchos” municipalities.
It is located on Caí river margin, which earlier was an important access
way to São Sebastião do Caí harbor (in the interior of Vale do Caí),
and was used for people and product transshipment, between the capital and
the German (in Vale do Caí) and Italian colonial regions (on the top of
the “gaúcha” mountain range).
Novo has a remarkable building that, in the early 1900’s, was a famous
Jesuitical school and nowadays is a historic site. At the time the
municipality was created, Unisinos sold it (for a private owner).
The community is rejoicing because its access road to the town, via São Sebastião do Caí or Montenegro, is being asphalted. For many years, the town has been trying to show to the authorities the need for this access road. Finally, this demand is being answered. The road will shorten, in many kilometers, the distance between the “Gaúchas” mountains and Montenegro and the petrochemical pole: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20
=> Other information about Pareci Novo-RS: search on NUTEP/UFRGS site
=> Other information about Montenegro-RS: search on NUTEP/UFRGS site
SÃO JOSÉ DO SUL-RS:
It has recently become emancipated from Salvador do Sul-RS; it was formerly named "Linha D. Diogo". Made up by small colonial landed estates, up till now it does not have a definite and developed urban area. The panoramic images were taken from the upper part of RS-470 highway that crosses the municipality and goes to Salvador do Sul-RS, which is a little farther, on the top of the mountains and was its “mother-municipality”.
=> Other information about São José do Sul-RS: search on NUTEP/UFRGS site
SALVADOR DO SUL-RS:
In the German language, this town was known as "Kapesberg" (Cape Hill), probably due to the shape of the hill where São Pedro da Serra, its original village, is located. At the time of the emancipation of the area, which embodies the municipalities of Salvador do Sul, São Pedro da Serra, São José do Sul and a part of Barão, the administrative seat was installed where today is the urban area of Salvador do Sul, a few kilometers away from São Pedro da Serra, which has fought for its emancipation many years later.
The town is known for the famous "Santo Ináco School", a Jesuitical institution that has formed legions of religious and professionals. The town is in good economical conditions. It has a historical connection with the aviculture: ex-Frangosul (purchased by Doux) has started its activities there. The municipality has the 2nd largest agricultural productivity in RS; and nowadays it is starting to enphasize the trade and services. "Solar Wallauer" (appliances sales) is headquartered there and the town also counts with a magnificent hotel, "Candieiro da Serra".
Recently, it was concluded RS-470 asplhalt paving (it connects Montenegro, at the bottom of the mountains, with the "gaúcha mountain range), stimulating new touristic options.
=> Other information about Salvador do Sul-RS: search on NUTEP/UFRGS site
SÃO PEDRO DA SERRA-RS:
(to access the study on the economical performance of RS municipalities in 1999, click here)
=> Other information about São Pedro da Serra-RS: search on NUTEP/UFRGS site
Going down the mountains, from São Pedro da Serra until Bom Princípio, via a country road passing through Linha Francesa Baixa location, we can roam about a very beautiful and bucolic area, that has a “channel” shape; at the hill side, on both sides, there can be seen many agricultural properties, with modern aviaries. Vale do Caí region was colonized by German people from Hunsrich, a region near the Rhine Valley, near the border of Germany with France. As a result, this colonization, seems to be formed by “Franco-German” descendents and it is likely that some French colonizers had come to this “line” or "picada". A little farther, in Barão municipality, there is another location known as Linha Francesa Alta. Before getting at RS-122, in Bom Princípio, the country road reaches the bucolic location of Nova Colúmbia; from there on, it is asphalted until Santa Terezinha, which now is expecting to get emancipated from Bom Princípio.
=> Other information about Bom Princípio-RS: search on NUTEP/UFRGS site
JUNE 29nd, 2001:
JUNE 23nd, 2001:
JUNE 22nd, 2001:
JUNE 21nd, 2001:
JUNE 15th, 2001 IMAGES:
Daybreak in the city: 1
JUNE 14th, 2001 IMAGES:
PStrawberry plantation in Mambui: 1
JUNE 13th, 2001 IMAGES:
Drawings on Guaíba river: 1
JUNE 5th, 2001 IMAGES:
Moonlight in a pleasant June evening: 1
JUNE 3rd, 2001 IMAGES:
Dawn in the city on a Sunday: 1
JUNE 3nd, 2001 IMAGES:
Few years ago, Feliz became nationally known, for its top position among the Brazilian cities, due to its human development conception. Recently, this position was lost, but Feliz still remains among the 10 best towns in Brazil. Some years ago, the city has lost two very important industrial enterprises: a big beer factory and a dairy processing plant. These losses have pushed the city toward other alternatives, and nowadays the plastic industry is becoming its major economic source of incomes. The famous national beer festival, that takes places at a local club, was inherited from the time when the city had an important participation in the state and country beer production. Before RS-122 highway (that crosses Bom Princípio) was concluded, in the 60’s, Júlio de Castilhos highway, passing by Feliz, was an important connecting way between Vale do Caí and the “gaúcha” mountain range. The iron bridge over Caí River, which was brought from Europe in the beginning of last century, is an important historical site. In its beginnings, around 1850, German farmers have colonized Feliz. Many people still preserve German habits and speak a German dialect. There are also very original buildings, in Rhine style, much simpler and plain than the Bavarian style. In 1992, Feliz has supported the emancipation of 3 of its districts: Alto Feliz, Vale Real and Linha Nova. Since then, the emancipated towns, as well as their original town, have developed a lot.
Linha Nova is one of the smallest towns in RS; it has achieved its emancipation in 1992, with a “last moment” support from the former state governor, Mr. Alceu de Deus Collares, who has sanctioned the emancipation project for seven areas (together with other 87 areas), that did not fulfill the legislation requirements at that time (but that had received the support of the Legislature). The town is at the mountain bottom. On the top there are the cities of Nova Petrópolis, Gramado and Canela among others. In the past, the road on which the village has settled was an extension from São Leopoldo to São José do Hortêncio. Curiously, 98% of the population descend from Germans and profess the Lutheran religion. The little church is Lutheran and the graves have inscriptions in German. In town (or village?) they still speak a Franco-German dialect and many of its houses (as well as the houses of Vale do Caí) have a Rhine design, that is, much simpler and plain than the Bavarian style houses. The Bavarian style is originated from the south of Germany, which was a much richer region than Hunsrich, by the Rhine River. Close to the little church we can notice a relic of great historical value: covered by trees, there is the ballroom. There, famous balls took place, especially on “Kerb” days. Next to the house, there is also a stone wall that separates the "potreiros", the place were the cattle was kept at a time when there was not barbed wire. With the emancipation, the city has developed, but its economical growth rates have not increased. The agriculture and industry have not developed so much as in the other small emancipated towns of the region as Alto Feliz and Tupandi. The last have fought with more determination and focus. This fact indicates that emancipations generate more citizenship, civic conscience, and important improvements in the infrastructure, education, health, culture and history. Nevertheless, these advances are not enough to assure substantive advances in terms of economical growth. Of course, the town would never choose to become again a simple district of Feliz. Now it has the decision power to pursue its future, "by its own risk". On the day it was emancipated, its community was anxious to vote at the Participative Budget of the state for the paving of an 11km road, which separates the town (emancipated) from Feliz, its original town. This road may constitute an important source of new valuable relics: the Rhine style houses, which have been preserved since the region colonization times, mainly from 1850 on.
Bom Fim Baixo Location:
b) House in Rhine style, typical of the region: 1
that an area was added to the kitchen, probably to drink “chimarrão”
in the hot afternoons of the Brazilian south. It is separated from the
bedroom area by a corridor, in order to prevent the possibility of a fire
originated by the wood stoves of the kitchen).